Auto-enrolment - An unusual success story

workplace pension participation

Source: ONS.

Eighteen years ago, the Pensions Commission, set up by the Blair government, published its first report into UK pension provision. In 2005 a second report appeared, addressing the three “killer facts” highlighted by its predecessor:

  • More than half of UK private sector workers were relying solely on their state pension to provide for their retirement;
  • Only about 1 in 200 people made what the Commission considered to be rational pension savings decisions. Most entered a pension arrangement if they were compulsorily enrolled by the state, automatically entered into an arrangement by their employer or sold a plan by a pension provider; and
  • For small and medium sized employers, establishing an occupational pension scheme involved excessive administrative costs.

The Pensions Commission reports were followed by two pieces of legislation in 2007 and 2008 that laid the groundwork for the introduction of employee automatic enrolment in pension schemes. An election intervened in 2010, replacing Labour with the Coalition Government, which immediately established a review of the proposals in the wake of the Global Financial Crisis. The Coalition decided to go ahead, subject to some amendments to the phasing in of the new regime from October 2012.

The success of automatic enrolment was recently underlined by a new set of data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). As the graph shows, once the gradual introduction of automatic enrolment started, the proportion of eligible workers in workplace pension schemes steadily rose from 46.5% in April 2012 to 79.4% in April 2021.

Broadly speaking the automatic enrolment rules now apply to any worker aged between 22 and state pension age (66) with earnings of at least £10,000 a year.

There remain two areas that need to be addressed as part of automatic enrolment:

  • The minimum total contribution level (currently 8% of pay between £120 a week and £967 a week) is widely seen as too low to provide an adequate retirement income; and
  • While gig workers are covered, the self-employed are outside the regime and have become the sector of the population most reliant on state provision.

If either of those points apply to you, manual action is required – you cannot rely on what many see as one of the key ingredients for automatic enrolment’s success: inertia.

The value of pensions and investments and the income they produce can fall as well as rise. You may get back less than you invested.

Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.  

Tax treatment varies according to individual circumstances and is subject to change.

The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate tax advice.

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